The Physics
Opus in profectus


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  1. Determine the following quantities for a window mounted, residential heat pump described in the table below:
    1. the heat…
      1. extracted from the environment per hour when the device is operated in heating mode
      2. exhausted to the environment per hour when the device is operated in cooling mode
    2. the real coefficient of performance…
      1. in heating mode
      2. in cooling mode
    3. the ideal coefficient of performance for a 22 °C inside temperature and…
      1. a −2 °C outside winter temperature
      2. a +34 °C outside summer temperature
    4. the velocity of the air blowing into the room when the device is operated in either mode
    Residential heat pump
    heating mode cooling mode both modes
    heating capacity
    7.9 MJ/hour
    cooling capacity
    10 MJ/hour
    volts rated
    115 volts
    heating amps
    7.6 amps
    cooling amps
    7.8 amps
    air circulation
    8.1 m3/minute
    heating watts
    743 watts
    cooling watts
    812 watts
    66 cm
    moisture removal
    0.90 liter/hour
    40 cm
    74 cm
  2. Write something else.
  3. Write something different.
  4. Write something completely different.


  1. One millimole of a monatomic, ideal gas is run through a four-step cycle as shown in the table below.
    1. Sketch the cycle on a PV graph.
    2. Determine the absolute temperature of the gas when it is in states A, B, C, and D.
    3. Determine ΔU, Q, and W for each segment of the cycle (A→B, B→C, C→D, D→A) and for the cycle as a whole (ABCDA). Include an algebraic sign with each answer. (Zero values do not get a sign.)
    4. Determine the real coefficient of performance assuming the cycle is used as a refrigerator.
    5. Determine the ideal coefficient of performance for this refrigerator.
    6. How are the answers to the last two questions in apparent conflict? Why are they?
    A four step closed cycle
    state A B C D
    P (kPa) 100 624 312 100  
    V (m3) 24 × 10−6 8 × 10−6 8 × 10−6 16 × 10−6  
    T (K)          
    path A→B B→C C→D D→A ABCA
    description adiabatic isochoric adiabatic isobaric whole cycle
    U (J)          
    Q (J)          
    W (J)