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Main structure of ISS completed (2010)

posted Monday, 8 February 2016

Space shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-130 delivered Tranquility Node 3 (the final connecting node) and the Cupola (a seven-windowed robotics control room ) to the International Space Station (ISS). These were the last modules contributed by the US to the ISS. The first ISS module (Zarya — Russian for dawn) was launched by a Proton rocket from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on 20 November 1998. Additional modules are scheduled until 2017.

physics.info/news/?p=4461

Golf on the Moon (1971)

posted Saturday, 6 February 2016

6 February 1971: Astronaut Alan Shepard uses a 6-iron to hit a golf ball into a lunar crater in a lighthearted moment during the Apollo 14 mission. This was the first real mission devoted to science on the moon. Apollo 11 and 12 were more about getting to the moon and back. Apollo 13 should have been the science mission, but wasn’t as we all know know.

Apollo 14: Mission to Fra Mauro from NASA Lunar Science Institute on Vimeo.

physics.info/news/?p=2852

Create a Vacuum Day

posted Thursday, 4 February 2016

physics.info/news/?p=1096

Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster (2003)

posted Monday, 1 February 2016

1 February 2003 9:00 AM Eastern Standard Time: STS-107 disintegrated over eastern Texas during reentry. A briefcase sized piece of insulating foam broke off the external fuel tank during launch and struck the leading edge of the left wing at 3000 km/h. Impact damage to the thermal protection system 17 days earlier allowed hot gases to penetrate and destroy the internal wing structure during reentry.

physics.info/news/?p=1079

Explorer I launched (1958)

posted Sunday, 31 January 2016

31 January 1958: Explorer 1 became the first artificial satellite launched into space by the United States. Onboard was a cosmic ray detector designed to measure the radiation environment in Earth orbit. Explorer I subsequently discovered the Van Allen Radiation Belts.

Simulated Van Allen Belts

physics.info/news/?p=1069

Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster (1986)

posted Thursday, 28 January 2016

28 January 1986 11:39 AM: The Space Shuttle Challenger on mission STS-51-L broke up over the Atlantic Ocean 73 seconds after liftoff. An O-ring in the right solid rocket booster failed. A jet of burning solid rocket fuel began escaping from the leak which cut a hole in the large, orange external fuel tank. The tank ruptured, the liquid hydrogen and oxygen mixed, a massive fireball erupted, and the orbiter was torn to pieces. Debris rained for several minutes afterward. The crew compartment remained intact. Any astronauts who remained alive after the disintegration of the orbiter died when the crew compartment impacted the ocean.

physics.info/news/?p=1064

Bednorz & Müller discover high temperature superconductivity (1986)

posted Wednesday, 27 January 2016

27 January 1986: Johannes Georg Bednorz & Karl Alexander Müller at the at the IBM Zürich Research Laboratory discover high temperature (Tc = 36 K) superconductivity in the copper containing ceramic (LaB)2CuO4.

physics.info/news/?p=1038

Apollo 1 Disaster (1967)

posted Wednesday, 27 January 2016

27 January 1967: Astronauts Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chaffee died in the Apollo 1 command module during testing after a fire started. The command module was pressured with pure oxygen to 2 atmospheres making it an obvious fire hazard. Since the door was designed to open inward and the interior pressure was 1 atmosphere greater than the exterior, the door was held firmly shut. Toxic smoke asphyxiated the astronauts and the intense oxygen-fueled flames roasted them.

In memory
of
those who made the ultimate sacrifice
so others could reach for the stars

Ad astra per aspera
(A rough road leads to the stars)

God speed to the crew
of
Apollo 1

Launch Complex 34 Launch Complex 34 Launch Complex 34
Launch Complex 34 In memory of those who made the ultimate sacrifice so others could reach for the stars - Ad astra per aspera (A rough road leads to the stars) - God speed to the crew of Apollo 1 Abandon In Place
12/1/60 Graffito Launch Complex 34 Saturn III Blast Deflectors

physics.info/news/?p=4448

Thomas Edison receives patent for light bulb (1880)

posted Wednesday, 27 January 2016

Thomas Edison received US Patent 223,898 for the "Electric Lamp" on this day in 1880.

Edison’s device is an incandescent light source — an object so hot that it emits visible light. It also emits copious amounts of infrared (often called "heat rays"). Only 10% of the electric energy put into an Edison-style "Electric Lamp" comes out as useful illumination. The rest is invisible, wasteful heat.

The traditional light bulb is destined to fade away in popularity as newer, more efficient technologies take over. What will we use as the icon for a brilliant idea in the future?

Incandescent Light Bulb

physics.info/news/?p=4447

Opportunity lands on Mars (2004)

posted Monday, 25 January 2016

25 January 2004: Opportunity (a.k.a. Mars Exploration Rover B) landed in Meridiani Planum.

physics.info/news/?p=885